The History of the Car Computer

The car is a very complicated thing in the modern world, with a whole host of mechanical and electronic systems working together to keep the car running, and to keep its levels of operation at maximum efficiency. The engine control unit is the centerpiece of a car’s electronics, which makes millions of processes each second to make slight adjustments to the actuators depending on the information the central CPU gets from the various number of real-time sensors. This goes alongside the transmission control unit, which ensures that gear changes within automatic cars are most efficient. These car computers not only keep the car running, but minimize the amount of fuel wasted, which keeps efficiency and economy high, whilst helping to protect the environment with minimal emissions.

The cars of today present a marked contrast between now and the early days of the automobile. From the turn of the century when the first commercial automobiles emerged, to the end of the 1960’s, there were obviously no electronic components, and vehicles were designed simply and included simple and robust mechanical control parts and basic methods of control. Back then a better car meant a car with a bigger engine, more speed and more horsepower, and little heed was paid to efficiency, economy, and the environment. However, the issue of the environment, and certainly the issue of economy became more and more pronounced in the 1970’s, with the inclusion of mandates, and the notable fuel crisis of the mid 70’s.

Around the same time, electronic technology was reaching the point where it was physically able to be included in automobiles, alongside the transmission from carburetors to fuel injection, but is wasn’t until the 1980’s that electronics became practical and economic enough to be included. Control over the ignition in the interests of minimizing fuel usage drove car electronics. The first pieces of circuitry used to control spark timings where large pieces of solid state circuitry, and would need replacement every few years. By the middle of the 80’s, the industry would be founded on fuel injection completely controlled by electronics.

Naturally, as commercial electronics boomed in the 80’s and on through the 90’s, becoming smaller, cheaper and more sophisticated, on-board car computers would take on more and more functional responsibilities, sensing more and more data and controlling more and more aspects of the car engine, among other things such as braking and climate control. Indeed it was not long before the computer became the central and integral component in the car.

With the rise of the computer came the potential for customization, with access to a programmable computer providing immense control other a vehicle’s power and other variables.…

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Benefits of Using Animation in Web Site Design Projects

Animation is pure imagination filled with emotions & energy of the idea that is being portrayed. These animated images or objects can also be used in your web site design projects to captivate and attract the visitors or buyers. Flash is a multimedia platform which can be used to add animation, video, and interactivity to Web pages. Flash can also used for ecommerce designing, creating web based games & creating innovative & interactive images, movies etc.

For designing impactful websites all you would need to do is to find a programmer who has a professional animation and flash programming experience. Web site design projects employing such flash based animations can deliver highly creative solutions and deliver a visual impact which cannot be replicated by any other means. Also, flash based ecommerce designing can boost your online business and can help you to compete in today’s extremely competitive world & promote your company and its products.

There are several advantages of using an animation based web design for your business. Let’s have a look at a few of them.

• Animation helps in attracting and delighting the visitor to your website. This good first impression lasts for years.

• Search engines like Google & Bing have started giving preferences to flash based websites as a result of which such websites have a constant presence on search results of most search engines.

• Animation in any website sets it apart from the crowd. There are gazillion websites on the World Wide Web & several new ones are added everyday. This is making it impossible for a regular text/image based website to stand out on its own. An animated website will not only differentiate your webpage from others but will also attract new web traffic to it.

• As mentioned earlier in the article, animation or rather presentation is something which goes a long way in influencing the buyer’s purchasing decision. Once you attract a visitor towards your business, half of your task in done.

• Flash based web design can also help you to implement 3D animation on your web page. 3D animation jobs are in huge demand these days & employing a skilled animator can fill your web visitors with wonder & awe.…

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The Advantages of Having Personal Productivity Software

Personal productivity software is an application that no business should be without. This is because of the simple fact that this piece of software makes a great contribution when it comes to ensuring productivity in the workplace. But if you are not too convinced about the importance of purchasing personal productivity software just yet, well, this is actually normal. A lot of business men do become wary when presented with the notion of purchasing such software because computer software is a bit pricey in the market right now. However, when presented with the many benefits businesses enjoy with these software applications, the activity of convincing businessmen becomes very, very easy to do.

So, why exactly do you need personal productivity software in running your business? First of all, this piece of software can give any type and size business the professional touch it needs. The software comes with applications and programs that make it very easy for you to produce professional looking letterheads, marketing reports, brochures, mailing campaigns, and the like. Even the simple act of developing professional looking paychecks is easily done with the use of such software as well. And this is just one of the minor benefits that come with such software!

When you get the basic package, you actually get a word processor, a spreadsheet application, presentation software, and the like. For a more cost-efficient option, you could consider getting one of those suites that contain a number of these tools. This way, you are sure to get more value for your money. Some examples of these suites include Microsoft Office, Sun Staroffice 8, Microsoft Works, or Corel WordPerfect Office. An interesting fact about Microsoft Works is that it actually comes free with personal computers. Aside from these suites, you can also choose to get supplementary software packages that can make your whole life easier.

One of the popular software packages includes QuickBooks. This choice is popular because it is known to be very efficient in handling and managing inventory and business finances, such as payroll and benefits packages. Now, with all these abilities, you have to be sure to allot a hefty budget for your suite of tool and the additional applications and programs you would be getting. The typical price for suites and the individual applications range from a hundred to five hundred dollars. So, if your PC is meant for more than just doing the regular email and the basics on word processing, then you should consider this option thoroughly.

You may also be worried about the hidden and recurring fees that might come with having personal productivity software installed in your system. Yes, they do come with long term costs, but these are just minimal when you compare them to the benefits you would come to enjoy with the software. An upgrade would occasionally be needed, especially after a few years or so with your own application suite. Plus, your business should be growing in a few years, right? Thus, it would …

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Fancy Dress Ideas – Some Great Ideas For Your Annual Fancy Dress Bash

Looking for fancy dress ideas for your annual fancy dress party at the office or school? Every year on average we attend at least two fancy dress parties. The party can be formal affair where a theme is announced and the guests are expected to conform to the theme. Like if it is a 80’s themed party, then all guests turn up wearing dresses that were in fashion in the 80’s. If it’s royal theme party then all guests dress up as royalty. It’s a little more formal.

Then there are fancy dress competitions – events centered around an event or day. Guy Fawke’s Day, Halloween, Christmas are some example that come to mind. People are expected to dress up to theme or events surrounding the day. Once the main theme is selected fancy dress ideas that go with it are quite limited or unlimited depending on your imagination and creativity. If you can stretch your thinking a little you are sure to find some unique and great ideas to wear to the theme party.

If it is none of these and just a free-wheeling party where you are expected to dress up to any whim or fancy that catches your mind then that’s great too. You can choose from a whole range of people, things, objects to dress up as. Great people, leaders, movie stars, pop stars, animals, characters from movies, animal characters from movies, animation characters, characters from comic books, action heroes, characters from your favorite TV show, your idol, hated villains are some of the ideas you can explore when choosing fancy dresses. You can dress up as different types of professionals – doctors, nurses, bus drivers, postman, electrician, plumber, construction worker and so on are some examples for this. These are easy and simple to impersonate through simple accessories and mannerisms.

Not just people you can dress up as objects too. Aquarium, vending machine, TV, fridge, phone, phone booth, bus, ATM machine, computer, iPhone, iPad, iPod and other electronic gadgets, Rubik’s Cube are great for going to parties. Creating these objects will need a little bit of ingenuity. For most of the above you will need a box with cut outs for hands and head. You can either paste or paint the gadget you want to represent. For some objects like aquarium you can hang plastic fish to show the fish in the fish tank. The vending machine can have small plastic bottles or cans to represent drinks. It is left to you on the accessories you want to add to make your dress as realistic as possible.…

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Website Design – Hardware and Software Tools You May Need

Before you get started with your new website or editing your current site, you need to consider which hardware and software tools you may need to support your efforts.

When it comes to hardware needed this can be very simple or reasonably complex depending on your particular needs. Of course, if you plan to create a new website (or even view your new website later) you need a computer. Simple enough, right? Not necessarily. We prefer to work with Apple Macintosh (OSX Leopard on MacBook Pro) as we do a lot of intensive graphics work and have previously invested in Adobe Creative Suite software (Photoshop, InDesign, Flash, Dreamweaver, etc.). It is just as easy to create your new website using your Windows PC but we would suggest you stay away from using Windows Vista (any version) and migrate to Windows 7 or stick with Windows XP. These operating systems are just much more stable and reliable.

Another consideration for hardware should be some sort of backup hard drive or removable USB memory stick(s). It is important that you back up all of your website data to a removable drive in the event your computer crashes, is broken or is stolen. When you create website files, most of your data will be stored on the website hosting servers but, in many cases, you will have many other “builder files” that usually never make it to the hosting servers. If you lose this data you will be forced to start from scratch in many cases. Another piece of hardware that many forget about is a HD Video Camcorder. If you plan to include video on your site, you should be investing in something half decent; you can normally pick up a good video camera that also captures “still photos” for under $500.00.

When it comes to software needed, this can be somewhat more complicated, again depending on what your website design goals are. At the very least, you will need some sort of text editing software, FTP (file transfer software), graphics creation software and then a variety of other tools as you progress.

Here are some of the most common subjects you should consider when planning the design of your website product.


Do you currently have a computer that can process large files (i.e. – video files) quickly and efficiently?


Are you planning to host your own website portal? If so, do you know what type of hardware and server software you will need?


Do you currently have some sort of backup hard drive equipment or plan?


Will you be creating custom videos for your website and, if so, do you have a HD video camera ready to go?


Are you planning to make your website “mobile web friendly”? If so, do you have an iPhone and an iPad? Android phone? Blackberry device? These will be needed for testing purposes!


Do you have any website …

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Remote Patient Monitoring Using Mobile and Cloud Computing


The Internet of Things (IoT) is the next paradigm shift, where sensors are connected to the Internet, which collect data for analysis to make our planet more instrumented, interconnected and intelligent. A typical person carries on average one or two mobile devices nowadays. Hence, by leveraging the increasing presence of mobile devices the cost of equipment can be reduced significantly in many industries.

A. Motivation

The ECG iOS application presented in this paper focuses on the health care domain of IoT. With the advancements in embedded information and communication technologies, we can provide intensified healthcare support of senior citizens at homes and retirement homes. This type of technology would be helpful to be providing ECG monitoring facility to senior citizens, athletes and common people. By providing the facility to use these technologies in the home, citizens would be able to live independently for a longer period of time, helping to reduce costs of medical equipment Healthcare is currently facing the challenge of large amount of data that is unstructured, diverse and growing at an exponential rate. Data is constantly streamed through sensors, monitors and instruments in real time that is faster than the medical personnel can keep up with. The advanced techniques and high capacities of cloud computing, processing of a large amount of data can be performed more efficiently support big data analytics.

B. Problem statement

In the healthcare domain of IoT, patients will not have to make as many trips to the doctor anymore, since they can upload the collected data from the sensors to the cloud. This can be achieved for an ECG monitoring application on the mobile device, which will collect the bio-signal data using sensors and then upload to the cloud for keeping a record of the unstructured data. This will reduce the waiting time for the triage at the hospitals and minimize visits and reducing the cost of personnel and administrative operations. This convenience increases the quality of life for the patients as they can enjoy other activities instead of spending time commuting to the hospital/clinic and waiting in long triage queues.

C. Proposed solution

In addition to medical knowledge, various SSE Technologies are involved in IoT based healthcare applications, including microcontroller and sensor technologies, signal processing, communication protocols, system and software design (using well documented design patterns), DBMS, web services, data analysis, and cloud techniques. Such an infrastructure should not only satisfy the basic functional requirements, but also address some key non-functional quality requirements, such as Performance, privacy/security, portability, scalability, flexibility, and cost. Using the idea of IoT and cloud techniques, this paper presents a solution to use an ADC and microcontroller board, which obtains the bio-signal data from a person using sensors and sends it to the mobile device wirelessly using Bluetooth technology. When monitoring the ECG of the patient, the monitored data associated with the ECG waves being displayed on the mobile app is stored in the form of a binary file on the secure digital (SD) card of the …

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Link Building – Defining Importance and Evaluating Strategies for 2015

Link building helps to relate search strings to web pages and is an effective strategy for the popularity of a website. Links provide direction to search engine to help users search the content they are looking for on web. Search engines constantly redefine the algorithms and use link data to perform site assessment with respect to a search query.

Although links form a part of the entire gamut of SEO related activity, experts attribute links as an important determinant of search engine’s algorithm to relate to links. Links provide a foundation for search engines to evaluate the popularity of pages. Links provide the benchmarks for assessment of websites based on trustworthiness, spammy nature and ranking (depending on authority). As provided by Hiltop Algorithm, links act on an authority model to refer the most expert pages related to a given subject. (1)

Process Management

Link building should follow the best practices as per Google guidelines and needs to be done the correct way to harness maximum benefit for SEO. Creative strategies need to be developed in a manner that the target audience is compelled to get engaged with the website link. The process should be systematic, scientific and creative.

Link building strategy involves understanding the client website thoroughly. It involves understanding specific elements; its unique selling point, industry vertical, market presence, inherent value, area of operation, nature of target audience and various products/service segments. All of these can be treated as linkable assets.

By comparing and contrasting various elements a strategy can be devised which relates the target audience to these elements through links as a medium, assessed the effectiveness of the strategy and make modifications depending on results.(2)

Link building – Marketer’s View

Link building is getting the grasp of the website and target audience from a marketing perspective. It involves understanding why the website should be valued by the target audience, why any user would want to visit it, and why it is worth linking to. An applicable marketing strategy here is compelling in nature and has a credible and influential outreach. The exercise aims to obtain the contact between the client’s website and the target audience by specifying the importance and value of the client’s website for them and what unique benefit might the users obtain by visiting the particular website. If implemented correctly link building can act as immensely helpful marketing strategy for creating brand awareness, brand promotion, lead generation and lead conversion.(3)

Links serve as a marketer’s tool to indicate the relevancy and authority to Google and to the website’s unique audience group. It aims to foster trust between linked websites and enable Google to detect tactics which provide manipulative search results and extremely poor user experience. (4)

Link Building Strategies for 2015

With increased usage of internet as a medium to look out for information, products and services, link building would continue to remain popular with marketers aiming who use it as an opportunity to create brand awareness.

Search: Online presence for business is needed …

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Benefits of Technology in Graphic Art and Designing

How interesting it is that being a graphic designer you can give a visual aspect to your imagination. For being a good designer, artists need to have good knowledge of visual arts, text font and types, colors, objects, theme of the design, etc. And when the technology is doing well for all, why graphic designers remain away from its benefits? Graphic art is a domain where the designer has the liberty to express the thousand words without uttering even a single one. It offers a way of visual communication which not only depends on the pretty looks, but also on the representation style and what object is hidden behind the creation of the artwork. In fact, it has given the numerous ways for visual representation of ideas.

The world is changing with the changing technologies and gradually the use of brush and color is being replaced by the computer designing tools although the traditional art has its own essence. There are various advantages has been included with the integration of advance tools and technologies. It has provided a great medium to shape up the thoughts and experience. Now it is responsible for processing the visual data received from the real world or the virtual world. Rather, it can to create those objects and design which can’t be created in the real world. It does not put the limitations on the imaginations of the artist and they can draw anything and everything.

Technology driven graphic designing tools have brought multiple benefits to us and some of the benefits which make the document worthy are discussed below:


You can easily figure out the difference in every design which you’re creating with the help of tools. Unlike the traditional art here the smallest point will be very clear because traditional art puts the limitations as far as precision is concerned. The objects, dimensions, lines, grids, etc. can be put with perfection in the documents.


If the two documents, one is made by the hand and another is designed with the help of graphic designing software are compared the difference is clearly visible. The second document is more clear and impressive and score better to convey the thoughts designer is trying to put forward. The more technologies are transforming, designers are obtaining better results.


The output of the design depends on the execution of imaginations, but creativity is like the oxygen which imbibes the life into it. It completely depends on the imaginative skills of the designers that how unique they can think and in what way they organize and serve them on the white space. Designing tools offer a great range of possibilities which add excellence in the creativity of the artist.

Ability to change the thoughts into things

To create a unique and quality document it is the necessary aspect that you don’t have only thinking ability, but you should be capable of giving it the look and shape. It may be possible that you may think beyond the …

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Social Media Management: Your Key To More Sales And Happier Customers

Successful businesses today employ the Internet to create "brand awareness" among targeted customers, and convince them to purchase products and services. In this era of Internet exploitation, the web site has become the ideal medium through which your messages cost-effectively may reach targeted customers.

Instead of relying on television, magazines, or newspapers, you may deliver profitable messages in a matter of minutes – versus hours, days, or even weeks appealing to customers via the other media. However, to make certain your business communications are strong and convey the right benefits and urges to purchase, you will need to employ a well-organized social media management plan. Such a discipline helps you ensure your promotions via business web sites are effective, and enhance your client base and brand popularity.

By implementing effective social media management, you avoid posting messages that do not elicit the desired responses. In this manner, you carefully manage advertising and marketing strategies on social web sites, and prevent messages being ignored. With this in mind, social media "analytics" will help you determine the behavior, attitudes, and likings of your target customers. By examining key web sites – Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn – you'll learn which are frequented most often by your prospective customers, and discover what they think about your products or services.

This provides insight into your brand response rates, and also informs you about any grievances customers may express. When you are completely aware of your target customers' preferences and choices, you're better equipped to alter your brand and resolve any complaints customers may have noted. You also will recognize that effective social media management will increase the popularity of your brand, as well as the size of your customer base. In short, efficient social media management ensures you enjoy the best promotional advantages of business web sites.

In another vein, you've probably learned that promoting oneself or one's company is time-consuming, especially when it comes to accessing Facebook and Twitter; Two of the most heavily-trafficked web sites on the Internet. Many who try to employ these sites for business have no knowledge of how to use them appropriately, and often are frustrated and give up trying. However, once again there's an approach that helps with this dilemma, and it's as simple as employing someone to "shepherd" your Facebook and Twitter accounts through social media management.

Effective social media management guides your business and that individual, and also helps with the design and development of interactive web pages for sites such as Facebook and Twitter. Social media management also helps you obtain fans and pals with what to communicate as well as assist with every day communications with one's "followers." Additionally, it will relieve you from creating daily posts and tweets, and serve as an excellent time saver.

A social media management provider also may create advertising and marketing techniques that support your Facebook and Twitter accounts, and explode into the "viral realm of achievement." He or she will offer suggestions on how best to promote …

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How to Protect Your Passwords Properly

Looking back at last 20 years (I am writing this in 2014), use of systems and passwords has become an unwanted but unavoidable requirement in our daily life. We always require to stay atop of many forms and layers of online protection of our sensitive data. Some examples where we need to use passwords, pass phrases, identifiable pictures etc. Are banks, schools, credit cards, emails, work login, work search, kids account, entertainment, communications, and more and more. As far as the number goes, all these requirements are increasing and as far as complication goes, they are becoming increasingly complicated in nature to use and manage.

20 years back, I had only two account passwords that I had to manage. One email and one bank account. Today I manage over 200 online safety memory chips including for me and for my family! (Wow writing this makes me feel safe! Really ..?)

Again, 20 years back I could put in 6 alphabets or numbers and it was considered a safe, secure password. Today, I have to use alphabets in lower and upper case, numbers and special characters with the strength indicators showing strength of the password as we are typing it to understand how strong and safe the password is (in case case is a cyber crime to crack Down the passwords.) Many companies will not let me use the parts of my name in the password. Then I have to associate my account to an image and keep the image in mind. Further I have to answer some security questions (typically from 3 to 5). To add even more, every now and then I need to associate and confirm my account with a cell phone number! Then there is separate 4 digit pin for bank ATM's etc. Even my voice mail has a 6 digit pass-code!

Talk about complexity! Talk about memorizing!

Is the technology helpful to protect our sensitive data? Yes! Has the technology complicated the issue and pushed us way more to manage in terms of passwords, security etc.? Yes!

So how to manage these complications. Here are some do's and don'ts for it.


1. Use long complex passwords.

2. Generate and use random passwords yourself.

3. Keep your passwords in an isolated safe file. Write if you want. Even better is to spend a few bucks to have a dedicated drive, USB etc.

4. Use limited login attempts at all the allowed institutions. It basically means after 3 or 2 or 4 (whatever the set number is) unsuccessful log in attempts, your account will be automatically disabled and you will have to go either personally or call to prove your ID and then get your account reinstated. It seems annoying in the beginning but it is a great tool to protect your ID in the long run.

5. Answer security questions in a non traditional manner. Example; Name of the first dog. Traditional answer: whiskey. Non traditional answer: Ihadnodog.

6. Always keep the current back up out …

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